«Enola Gay» is an anti-war song by British synthpop band Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark (OMD), released as the only single from their 1980 album,Organisation. Written by frontman Andy McCluskey, it addresses the atomic bombing of Hiroshima during the final stages of World War II and references Enola Gay and «Little Boy«, the Boeing B-29 Superfortress and nuclear weapon used in the bombing, respectively. McCluskey has stated that the song is «not a celebration» of the event, but hopes that it conveys «an ambivalence about whether it was the right or the wrong thing to do.»Released as a single, «Enola Gay» reached number 8 in the UK Singles Chart,becoming the group’s first Top 10 hit in their home country, and topped the charts in France, Italy and Portugal.

Recognisable by its distinctive synthesizer hook and ambiguous lyrics,»Enola Gay» has come to be regarded as one of the greatest pop songs of the 1980s.Ned Raggett of AllMusic retrospectively described the track as «a flat-out pop classic – clever, heartfelt, thrilling, and confident, not to mention catchy and arranged brilliantly»; in 2007 The Guardian called it «the perkiest song about a nuclear holocaust ever written.»In 2012, NME listed the track among their «100 Best Songs Of The 1980s» and wrote that it «married Andy McClusky’s brilliantly quizzical vocal and placed OMD’s unstoppable mesh of synths and programmed beats front and centre to create a pop classic.»